## Subquantum QM

De Broglie took the view that there is a true deterministic physical process underlying quantum mechanics, that the current indeterminate approach in terms of probability could be replaced by a more fundamental theory. He based his ideas on the concept of particles that are concentrations of energy guided through space by a real wave, and exchanging energy with a "subquantum medium". I suggest again that this subquantum medium is composed of subquantum particles

De Broglie received the 1929 Nobel Prize for physics for his "discovery of the wave nature of the electron."

Here is some relativistic basis for the notion of a subquantum aether: http://www.serve.com/herrmann/cont4.htm

*"... shows the existence of an additional electromagnetic interaction with a substratum composed of entities from the nonstandard physical world; a "world" that is distinct from what one defines as our natural world. This is a portion of a substratum, a subquantum region, "below" the vacuum of particle physics that is required for most modern quantum physical theories."*

**Other supporting documents:**

Physics Beyond the Limits of Uncertainty Relations (M. Durdevich)

Statistical Origin of Quantum Mechanics (K. Kaniadakis)

Born's Principle and Action-Reaction Problem A. Abolhasani & M. Goshani)

Subquantum Models, Basic Principles, Effects and Tests (J. Soucek)

Motion of a Particle in the Vacuum (V. Krasnoholovets & D. Ivanovsky)

The Consistency of Causal Quantum Geometrodynamics and Quantum Field Theory (N. Pinto-Neto, E. Sergio Santini)

Faster-Than-C Signals, Special Relativity, Causality (S. Liberti, S. Senego, M Visser)

L. de Broglie (1928), "La nouvelle dynamique des quanta", in: "Electrons et Photons", Gauthier-Villars, Paris.

D. Bohm (1952b), "A suggested interpretation of the quantum theory in terms of `hidden' variables". II, Physical Review 85, 180-193.

Soucek, J., V. Soucek, "Towards the subquantum theory", in Proceedings of Wint. School Abstr. Anal., Spindler uv Ml yn 1980, Math. Inst. Czech. Acad. Sci., Praha, 1980, pp. 168-172.

L. de Broglie, Ann. Fond. L. de Broglie 12, 399 (1987).

P.I. Fominm in "Quantum Gravity", Proceedings of the Fourth Seminar on Quantum Gravity, Moscow, USSR, 1987, edited by V. Markov, V. Berezin, and V.P. Frolov (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), p. 813.

Soucek, J., "Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process in Quantum mechanics and the sub- quantum coherence effect", Suppl. Rend. Cir. Mat. Palermo, Series II 21 (1989), 325-341.

A. Valentini (1992), "On the pilot-wave theory of classical, quantum and subquantum physics", PhD thesis, SISSA/ISAS, Trieste, Italy.

A. Valentini (2001a), "Pilot-Wave Theory: An Alternative Approach to Modern Physics", Springer-Verlag, (to be published).

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